'''The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America''', commonly known as the '''American Colonization Society''' ('''ACS'''), was a group established in 1816 by Robert Finley
of New Jersey
which supported the migration of free African Americans
to the continent of Africa. It helped to found the colony
in 1821–22 on the coast of West Africa as a place for free-born American blacks.
The ACS was founded by groups otherwise opposed to each other on the issue of slavery,
[[http://personal.denison.edu/~waite/liberia/history/acs.htm "The American Colonization Society".]]
being a coalition made up mostly of evangelicals and Quakers
who supported Abolitionism in the United States|abolition
of slavery, and Chesapeake slaveholders who understood that unfree labor did not constitute the economic future of the nation. They found common ground in support of so-called "repatriation". They believed blacks...